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Facts about Switzerland

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Tourist must knows about Switzerland

Engadine house in Chamues-ch

Typical Engadine house, decorated for the national festivities of August 1.

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Key facts about Switzerland

  • Location: Central Europe
  • Population: 8.6 million
  • Area: 41,285 km2 (about equal to The Netherlands, or the US states of Massachusetts and Connecticut combined)
  • Languages: German, French, Italian, Rhaeto-Romanic
  • Currency: Swiss franc
  • Tourist high season: late June to August (summer), late December to March (winter)
  • Climate: varying from cold winters and warm summers in the north, to a Mediterranean climate in the south. Temperatures differ greatly with the elevation.
  • The name of the country is Switzerland, not "Swiss". Products and people are "Swiss", like in this sentence: I purchased Swiss chocolate from a Swiss lady in Switzerland.

Major cities

Main airports

Famous mountains

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